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Knee Problems?

Knee pain is a common issue that affects individuals of various ages. Knee pain can be caused due to an injury, for instance, a ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. On the other hand, knee pain is also caused due to medical conditions such as gout, infection, and arthritis. 


While minor knee pain can quickly be resolved by self-care and over the counter medication. However, more severe cases require physical therapy, knee braces, and other equipment or surgery. 


What are some common knee problems?


Commonly knee problems result from aging, and/or continual wear and tear of your knee joint. Other knee-related issues are caused by injury or sudden movement that can strain your knee. To help you get a better understanding, we have listed down some common knee problems.


Sprained or Strained Knee - When your knee ligament and/or muscles are sprained or strained, it can lead to swelling, pain, and difficulty walking. Any sudden movement or blow to the knee can cause an issue that can be relieved with time or might need a more intense fix. 


Torn Cartilage - When your knee goes through trauma, it can cause a tear in the menisci. Menisci are a pad of connective tissues that work as a shock absorber and stability enhancer. A cartilage tear often comes with a sprain and might need a brace to protect and heal the knee in the weeks to come. Intense tears might require a surgical fix. 


Tendonitis - Inflamed tendons are a result of overused tendons. During certain activities such as running, cycling, or jumping; your tendons work overtime, making them more open to injury. 


Arthritis - Medically known as osteoarthritis, is the leading cause of knee-related issues. During its degenerative process, your cartilage starts to treat off, and gradually wears away. The process often starts during middle-age and works itself into your old age. Arthritis might be caused due to excessive stress on the joint, or is a direct result of being overweight. 


How Are Knee Problems Diagnosed?


Along with a complete medical history and physical exam, a knee problem is diagnosed with the help of: 


X-Ray: Using electromagnetic energy beans, the x-ray machine creates an image of your internal bones, tissues, and organs. Allowing the doctor to examine your internal setting without cutting you open. 


MRI - A magnetic resonance image (MRI) uses a large magnet, computer, and radio frequencies to create a detailed image of your organs and structure. A clearer picture than an X-Ray allows the doctor to determine the damage or disease you might be suffering from.


CAT or CT Scan - A computed tomography scan uses X-rays and leading technology to create an axial, or horizontal image of your body. Showing detailed photos of every aspect of your body. This includes bones, muscles, organs, and even fat. 


Arthroscopy - A minimally invasive procedure used to check the joint's condition where the doctor takes a small light optic tube inserted into your joint using a small incision during the process. Offering the doctor a live view of the condition their patient is suffering from. 


Radionuclide Bone Scan - An intense nuclear imaging process that uses a light dose of radioactive materials injected into the patient's bloodstream and highlights the organs during the scan Highlighting everything from bone, cell activity, to blood flow. 


Yours in self-care,

Adrian Wilk


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