NKC Blog - Lower Back Pain
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Lower Back Pain

Back pain is one of the most common issues shared by millions around the globe. The most common mechanical problem and soft tissue injuries are a cause of lower back pain. These injuries can be minimal or can be an indication of an underlying disease. For instance, lower back pain can indicate damage to the intervertebral disc, improper movement of spinal joints, and nerve roots compression. 


What Are the Causes of Lower Back Pain?

Strains - The ligaments and muscles in the back can easily tear or stretch due to excessive exercise and activity. The symptoms of a strain are pain, stiffness, and muscle spasms. The only cure for a strain is proper rest and physical therapy. 


Disc Injury - Your disc is located at such an angle that makes it prone to injury. With the passage of years, you become more and more at risk of disc injury. A single slip can cause the outside of your disc to tear or herniate which is referred to as a herniated disc, which identifies that your disc has ruptured or slipped. This injury occurs when the disc pushes up against your nerve roots or spinal cord.


It results in the nerve root's compression, as it makes its way from the spinal cord through the vertebral bones. The injury can happen when you slip, are lifting something heavy, or twist your back. Unlike a lower back strain, a disc injury impact lasts longer than 72 hours.


Sciatica - occurs when the herniated disc presses on the sciatic nerve. Your sciatic nerve connects your legs and spine and is why the pain starts from the disc and leads down your leg, creating a burning, pinching, or needling sensation. 


Spinal Stenosis - When your spinal solum narrows, it automatically places pressure on your spinal nerves and cord. Commonly caused due to degeneration of the discs sit between your vertebrae. A result of nerve root compression, or spinal cord compression caused by bony spurs or soft tissues. Moreover, pressure on the spinal nerves causes numbness, weakness, and cramping in your body. 


Abnormal Spine Curvatures - Lordosis, scoliosis, and kyphosis are conditions that cause abnormal curvatures in your spine. Congenital conditions are first diagnosed during adolescence or childhood. The peculiar structure causes poor posture, and pain in your muscles, ligaments, tendons, and vertebrae. 


Other Conditions - Apart from the ones listed above, a few other conditions can cause lower back pain. These conditions include, but are not limited to: 


Arthritis - An inflammation of the joints, and one of the leading causes of back pain.

Fibromyalgia - A long-term tenderness and pain in the muscles, joints, and tendons. 

Spondylitis - An inflammation of joints set in between the spinal bones.

Spondylosis - A degenerative disorder that can push you to lose normal spinal structure and functioning, while aging is the primary cause of spondylosis, rate, and degeneration location depend on the person.


Other health conditions that can cause lower back pain include, but are not limited to: 


  • Kidney and bladder related issues
  • Pregnancy
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Endometriosis
  • Cancer
  • Uterine fibroids



Yours in self-care,

Adrian Wilk

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