Jan. 14, 2021, 1 p.m.
Sacroiliac joints are the meeting point for our lower spines and the pelvis. The primary function it serves includes absorbing shock to the upper body and legs and regulating the joint's motions. A dysfunction in this joint can lead to lower back pain that can spread to the legs and the groin. Sacroiliac Joint Pain can be caused to numerous reasons, but the most common ones are:
Arthritis: The wear-and-tear of bones which induces osteoarthritis, can affect sacroiliac joint too.
Injury: A sudden shock due to motorcycle accident events can cause substantial harm to these joints, for example.
Pregnancy: Due to a change in weight and increased pressure on these joints, pregnant women might face abnormal stress on their Sacroiliac joints.
Infections: Rare in most cases, it is relatively difficult to identify and diagnose this dysfunction since several other conditions exhibit similar symptoms.
The most common parts affected by this are the buttocks, legs and even the feet in some cases. Here is a list of few symptoms that can be attributed to Sacroiliac Joint Pain:
Back Pain: People suffering from this have chronic pain in their backs, especially their lower-backs. It can be felt on one or both sides, differing from person to person.
General Aching: If not detected early on the pain can spread from one's lower back to other parts like the groin, the backside of their thighs and sometimes in the feet.
Stiffness: The joints used to do physical activities like running, walking and climbing up the stairs might feel frozen and reduce one's range of motion.
Sciatica-like Pain: Often, this kind of joint pain is mistaken for Sciatica since the symptoms, and the area they affect are similar; hence there must be a thorough examination to identify the exact problem.
Unlike other forms of joint pain, there isn't just one single test in existence that will help doctors identify Sacroiliac Joint Pain. A combination of tests is administered to determine the root cause; Sacral Thrust test, Distraction test and FABER tests are most commonly used. In addition to this, one's medical history is examined and an account of any external injury that the person might have endured.
Thankfully, most treatments that are carried out focus on reducing the pain and enhancing one's range of motion using non-surgical methods. First and foremost, patients are advised resting-periods, using icepacks, or heating pads to reduce inflammation.
To manage the pain, prescribed painkillers or over-the-counter muscle relaxants are used, and in some extreme cases, external support is provided through support braces, crutches etc. Patients are also advised to seek physiotherapy to aid their body movement in a risk-free manner.
A combination of these treatments can help most cases, although surgery can be used in some complicated issues.
Yours in self-care,