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The Problem Behind Flat Feet

The medical condition called pes planus, or fallen arches refer to feet that entirely touch the ground when standing up. Usually known as Flat Feet, this condition isn't inherently harmful, but it can undoubtedly lead to complications. As children, we all tend to have flat feet, but as soon as our feet' ligaments and tendons start to tighter, they disappear.


Who's likely to have it?

Typically, this is a genetic condition and has been passed down to people who have it, so there is not much that can be done to prevent it. Since it is hereditary, it is not painful unless you are highly active in which case there are chances of getting foot and ankle injury.


Types of Flat Feet

Yes, there are multiple types of flat feet; a few are listed below:

  • Flexible Flat Foot – Being the most common type, having this doesn't entail much discomfort. Initiating in one's childhood, it doesn't cause any pain.
  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction – When you have a broken tendon between your ankle and calf muscle; your arch doesn't get the necessary support, and that can cause pain inside your foot and ankle.
  • Tight Achilles Tendon – The tendon that joins your calf muscles to the heel bone is called the Achilles tendon. In case this tendon is too fast, it can cause pain in walking and running as a result of your feet lifting prematurely.


Identifying and Diagnosing         

If you are experiencing foot pain which is causing a hindrance in your day-to-day activities, it is a good idea to get it checked out by an orthopaedic or a podiatrist. To identify if you have developed flat feet, your doctor would examine if you have arches on your toe while standing-up. If this is not enough, an X-Ray scan might be advised to inspect the bones and tendons, after which it will be easier to conclude.


How to treat them?       

  • Getting adequate foot support – This is the most critical aspect of initiating the treatment, you can use soles like Orthotics, which provides the necessary support.
  • Using medication will differ on a case-to-case basis, but if you have experienced pain and inflammation, you can ingest the prescribed anti-inflammatory medicines.
  • Altering habits – Based on your requirement, you could recommend a diet and exercise program that aims to help reduce your foot pain.
  • Foot surgery – In critical cases, surgery might be used. It is usually carried out to create an arch, repair your tendons, or fuse your joints.


Having flat feet can be a cause of discomfort for many people. While it is not always preventable, precautions can be taken to avoid any further deterioration, e.g., wearing shoes that fit well. In addition to this, exercises like heel stretches, tennis ball rolls, arch lifts and calf raises can also prove beneficial in managing the symptoms adequately. 


Yours in self-care,

Adrian Wilk

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